In the article of Kenneth j. Sher and Heather J. Gotham, the development and onset of the pathological alcohol involvement in young adulthood was clearly stated. They claimed that there are four types of forms of the adult alcoholism, chronic, rare or never, decreased and increased. Although the decreased type is mostly seen and the heavy using is developmentally limited, the alcohol use may cause long term effective problems such as decreased academic success, unwanted pregnancy, unwanted sex, educational od occupational attainment or injury.
There are some factor shaping our alcohol involvement. One of them is family history. The perception of alcohol use of the family set the mind of the individual. If parents are alcoholic, the probability of pathological alcohol involvement of the child is higher. Another factor is personality. Having behavioral under control such as antisociality, hyperactivity and sensation seeking or having negative affectivity such as neuroticism, depression and anxiety might be indicative in terms of problematic alcohol use. But, for negative affectivity, stress also plays complimentary role. Last but not least, the period of young adulthood includes a hard role transition. Because of this, the period is highly sensitive. In this period, individuals might use alcohol as self-medication and internalizing style.